How much do you know about money and music, and the copyright laws, licenses and agreements that frequently determine who gets paid, and how much? Take one – or all – of these quizzes and see how you measure up!
Each quiz has 10 questions that get progressively more difficult. For each question you get right, you get a point. If, perchance, you get some questions wrong, we will provide you with information about the correct answer. You’ll see your score at the end, and you’ll be able to download a report or share the results with your friends.
Helpful hint: your score will benefit greatly if you remember that a recording has two copyrights: (1) the musical composition, which includes the notes and lyrics, and (2) the sound recording, which is the recorded performance of a musical composition. For example, if you hear Patsy Cline singing “Crazy” which was written by Willie Nelson, Willie created the musical composition when he wrote down the notes and lyrics. Patsy and her producers created the sound recording when she performed Willie’s song, and it was captured on tape.
ASCAP, BMI and SESAC are the US-based performance rights organizations (PROs) representing songwriters and publishers. They collect royalties based on the public performance of compositions, and distribute those royalties to their songwriter/composer and publisher members.
SoundExchange is the US-based nonprofit that collects digital performance royalties based on the performance of the sound recording, and distributes those royalties to the performers and the sound recording copyright owner (usually a record label).
Harry Fox Agency (HFA) represents many publishers and issues mechanical licenses – for the reproduction or distribution of compositions – and collects and distributes mechanical royalties for many US music publishers.
AFM and SAG-AFTRA are the main musician-related unions. Both of these unions serve as conduits for some revenue streams.
Okay, let’s go!
Questions? Thoughts? kristin [at] futureofmusic [dot] org (Contact us).